Rail-based Transportation, Main Component of Metropolitan CityBERITAJAKARTA.COM — 15/06/2011 21:05:41
One of the characteristics of the metropolitan city is the integrated transport system, and the major component for the metropolitan city is a rail-based public transport, such as the mass rapid transit (MRT). This rail-based public transport is the most effective solution to solve the traffic congestion in major cities, including Jakarta.
Jakarta Governor Fauzi Bowo said that in the development of Jakarta as a metropolitan city, the transportation sector serve as a key component in changing the prestige of the capital. "If we are mistaken to determine what transportation options would be built, our transportation system will be chaotic," he expressed after the Jakarta 21 Symposium at a hotel in Central Jakarta on Wednesday (6/15).
Therefore, Jakarta Capital City Government has decided to build rail-based mass transits first because this type of transport is capable of carrying passengers in large quantities by fast and affordable.
Other big cities around the world also chose to build the rail-based public transport first to be able to balance the growth of vehicles and provide convenient public transportation needs. "China is also doing this, because the Chinese believe that it can make the country become competitive in the future with other countries," he added.
He also expressed that if the development planning is only directed at building roads, many parties will be competing to build the road without considering the development of the construction of rail-based public transport system.
"This will actually worsen situation. Roads are useless if the rail-based public transport is not built. In fact, rail-based public transportation, such as the MRT and railway have already been a consistent system that can survive in the long term," he explained.
Soehodo Sutanto, Deputy Governor of Industry Commerce and Transportation stated survey proved that 56 percent of travelers rely on public transportation. This amount is relatively large if it is measured by the number of citizens which reaches more than 12 million people in the daytime.
The needs of the population can not be handled by the transjakarta bus only because it can only carry a maximum of 300 thousand people each day. This condition stimulates people to use private vehicles, especially motorcycles. The growth of these vehicles has reached 1,100 vehicles per day, with about 900 motorcycles dominated the street.
Therefore, the solution is to build public transport and implement traffic management. Steps that have been applied, such as setting school starting hour earlier and Truck Operational Restriction on City Toll (JTDK).
Another alternative solution is the expansion of infrastructure, although it needs high cost and always collides with the needs of green open space.